ABOAB, SAMUEL BEN ABRAHAM

ABOAB, SAMUEL BEN ABRAHAM (1610–1694), Italian rabbi. Aboab was born in Hamburg, but at the age of 13 he was sent by his father to study in Venice under David Franco, whose daughter he later married. After serving as rabbi in Verona, he was appointed in 1650 to Venice. At the age of 80 he had to leave Venice for some unknown cause and wandered from place to place, until the authorities permitted him to return shortly before his death. Aboab was renowned for both his talmudic and general knowledge and was consulted by the greatest of his contemporaries. He had many disciples. Modest, humble, and of a charitable nature, he devoted himself with particular devotion to communal matters. He was responsible for obtaining financial support from Western Europe for the communities in Ereẓ Israel, and in 1643 collected funds for the ransoming of the Jews of Kremsier taken captive by the Swedes. Aboab was one of the most energetic opponents of the Shabbatean movement. At first he dealt with its followers with restraint, in the hope of avoiding a schism and the possible intervention of the secular authorities. Subsequently, however, he adopted a more rigorous attitude. When nathan of Gaza reached Venice in 1668, Samuel was among the rabbis of Venice who interrogated him on his beliefs and activities. His published works include Devar Shemuel, responsa (Venice, 1702) published by his son Jacob. It is prefaced by a biography and his ethical will to his sons, and has an appendix called Zikkaron li-Venei Yisrael on the investigation of Nathan of Gaza in 1667–68; Sefer ha-Zikhronot (Prague, between 1631 and 1651), contains ten principles on the fulfillment of the commandments. Two more of his works, Mazkeret ha-Gittin and Tikkun Soferim, exist in manuscript. Some of his letters were published by M. Benayahu (see bibliography). Two of his sons, Abraham and Jacob, succeeded him after his death. His other two sons were JOSEPH and DAVID. Joseph had acted as   his deputy during his wanderings; eventually he settled in Ereẓ Israel. He wrote halakhic rulings on jacob b. asher 's Arba'ah Turim and died in Hebron. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loewenstein, in: MGWJ, 48 (1904), 674–82; C. Roth, Venice (1930), 231–6; Sonne, in: Ẓion, 3 (1938), 145–52; Ya'ari, Sheluhei, 65, 277; Scholem, Shabbatai Sevi (1973), index; Benayahu, in: Eretz Israel, 3 (1954), 244–6 (Hebrew section); idem, in: Sinai, 34 (1953/54), 156–202; idem, in: Yerushalayim, 5 (1955), 136–86; idem, in: Sefer Zikkaron … Solomon Sally Mayer (1956), 17–47 (Hebrew section); idem, Dor Eḥad ba-Areẓ (1988). (Abraham David)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • ABOAB, JACOB BEN SAMUEL — (d. c. 1725), Venetian rabbi. He was the third son of Samuel Aboab, whom he succeeded as rabbi of Venice and whose biography he wrote (introduction to Samuel Aboab s responsa Devar Shemu el (Venice, 1702). He studied mathematics and astronomy and …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤAYYIM BEN ABRAHAM HA-KOHEN — (c. 1585–1655), kabbalist, born in Aleppo. His ancestors went to Ereẓ Israel after the expulsion from Spain (1492) and later settled in   Aleppo. Ḥayyim was the disciple of Ḥayyim Vital during his last years in Damascus, and he left an… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JESURUN (Jessurun), ISAAC BEN ABRAHAM ḤAYYIM — (d. 1655), ḥakham of the Portuguese community of Hamburg, Germany. His Panim Ḥadashot (Venice, 1651) deals with halakhic rulings following joseph caro , and provides a detailed guide to halakhot in the Mishnah and the Talmud, and the rulings of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samuel Aboab — (1610 ndash; August 22, 1694), son of Abraham Aboab, was a very prominent rabbi of the seventeenth century. He was born at Venice, and began the study of rabbinical literature at an early age. When thirteen years old, he became the pupil of David …   Wikipedia

  • CANPANTON (Campanton), ISAAC BEN JACOB — (1360–1463), Castilian rabbi. Canpanton was the head of a yeshivah in Zamora in western Spain, among whose students were isaac de leon , isaac aboab ii , Samuel b. Abraham Valensi, and shem tov ibn shem tov . He laid down methodological rules for …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ZACUTO, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL — (1452–c. 1515), astronomer and historian. His ancestors were French Jewish exiles who had come to Castile in 1306. In his biblical and talmudic studies he was instructed by his father and R. isaac aboab ii , and he attended the University of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AL-NAKAWA, ISRAEL BEN JOSEPH — (d. 1391), ethical writer and poet. The Al Nakawa family had lived from the 12th century in Toledo where a synagogue (Midrash Ben Al Nakawa) had been established by Israel s uncle, Abraham b. Samuel (murdered in 1341). Israel studied with asher b …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GEDILIAH, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL — (d. 1672), rabbi and author. Born in Jerusalem, Abraham journeyed to Italy in 1648 and resided in Leghorn and Verona. On his return journey in 1660, he stayed for a time in Egypt. In Italy he was friendly with samuel aboab and moses b. mordecai… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MANASSEH (Menasseh) BEN ISRAEL — (1604–1657), Amsterdam scholar, printer and diplomat. Manasseh, who was born a Marrano in Lisbon or La Rochelle, was baptized as Manoel Dias Soeiro. According to an unreliable document of the Portuguese Inquisition, he was born on the island of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Menasse ben Israel — Kupferstich von Salom Italia, 1642 Menasse ben Israel (* 1604 in Lissabon oder La Rochelle; † 20. November 1657 in Middelburg, Niederlande) war ein sephardischer Jude, Gelehrter, Diplomat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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